By 1740 colonists started to cross the Appalachian Mountains into the Ohio river valley. This created conflict between indians and colonists. the French were dertermined to stop colonists from invading the land because they needed it for their forts on the Mississippi and land in Canada. This made native americans choose sides. The Iroquois allied with Britain and the Hurons, Algonquin sided with French because they were enimies with Hurons. War breaks out under George washingtons lead. He was headed to make Fort Duquesne but french just finished one there then there was conflict and British made fort Necessity. Delagates from 7 colonies gathered in New York to try to make one general government to help defent colonies, but none of the colonies accepted it. Edward Braddock was headed to take over Fort Duquesne but French were ahead of them and ambushed them and killed Braddock in the conflict. William Pitt becomes head of government and he sents his best generals to north america to encourege colonists to fight.The british started to dominate the war and take over forts especially quebec. both contries signed the treaty of paris which was an end to the war and gave all of french land east of Mississippi to british.
After the French were out of the Ohio river valley the Colonists moved in to claim land. This made conflicts between Indians and Colonists. The French were always nice to the Indians, they held feasts and gave them presents. The Colonists made the price of goods traded to the Indians higher. The Indians did not like this. This led to the Indians attacking the British forts. This was known as the Pontiac’s War. The Treaty of Paris was signed and thus the Indians no longer had help from the French. The Proclamation of 1763 drew a line across the top of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists were forbidden to cross onto the West side. Those that were already there were supposed to move back to the East side. New taxes that were imposed by the British were the sugar tax and stamp act. The sugar tax lowered the previous tax on molasses but made convicting smugglers easier. The stamp act taxed all paper products and paper was required to have a stamp or it was illegal. Colonists thought this tax was unfair. “Taxation without Representation” made colonists angry because they had no say. Colonists sent a petition to King George III to protest this. They also boycotted all British goods. The British merchants trade with the Colonists was hurt so badly that the British merchants begged the King to repeal the act. It was repealed.
The Townshend Acts taxed glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea. Although the tax was small, Colonists still refused it because, once again, they had no say. The Townshend Acts also made collecting taxes easier and inspecting cargo without reason. The Colonists again boycotted British goods. The Sons of Liberty staged mock hangings of British officials. The Daughters of LIberty visited merchants and urged them to boycott British merchandise. New leaders emerged from these protests. Samuel Adams was an organizer of protests. John Adams was a lawyer and understood the British law. Patrick Henry rallied people with his speeches. The Boston Massacre was a dispute over the quartering act. This act mandated Colonists to house British soldiers.
The Boston Tea Party was a result of the Tea Act. The Tea Act tried to help the British East India Company get out of debt. The Tea Act forced Colonists to buy tea from the British. The price of tea was less than ever but the tax was a little higher. The British reacted to the Tea Party by passing the Intolerable Acts. This shut down the port of Boston and forbid the Colonists to hold town meetings more than once a year. It also allowed British officials to be tried in England or Canada for crimes commited in Massachusetts. A new quartering act was also passed.
The First Continental Congress was made up of delegates from each colony except Georgia. The delegates passed a resolution backing Massachusetts, boycotted British goods, and stopped exporting goods to Britian until the Intolerable Acts were repealed. Each colony was urged by the delegates ot set up their own militia. In towns near Boston, minutemen collected guns and ammunition. They wanted to be able to defend themselves against the British. British scouts reported that there was a large store of arms in Concord. In April of 1775 British troops went to sieze the Colonial arms. The Sons of Liberty were watching and hung two lanterns in the Old North Church in Boston to signal “The British were coming. ” The shot heard around the world was the beginning of the Revolutionary War.